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Allopurinol Side Affects - Uric Acid Testing

Allopurinol Side Affects - Uric Acid Testing
by happyjoe95 » Thu May 19, 2016 3:24 pm

Allopurinol Side Affects - Uric Acid Testing

<h2>Definition</h2> Uric acid tests are tests that are done to measure the levels of uric acid in blood serum or in urine. <h2>Purpose</h2> :idea:

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The laboratory should also be notified if the patient has had recent x-ray tests requiring contrast dyes. These chemicals increase uric acid levels in urine and decrease them in blood.

<h2>Precautions</h2> <h3>Blood test</h3> Patients scheduled for a blood test for uric acid should be checked for the following medications: loop diuretics (Diamox, Bumex, Edecrin, or Lasix); ethambutol (Myambutol); vincristine (Oncovin); pyrazinamide (Tebrazid); thiazide diuretics (Naturetin, Hydrex, Diuril, Esidrix, HydroDiuril, Aquatensen, Renese, Diurese); aspirin (low doses); acetaminophen (Tylenol); ascorbic acid (vitamin C preparations); levodopa (Larodopa); or phenacetin. These drugs can affect test results.

<h2>Abnormal results</h2> The critical false gout the blood test is a level of uric acid higher than 12 milligrams per deciliter (about 4 ounces). :roll:

<h2>Description</h2> The uric acid blood test is performed on a sample of the patient&#39;s blood, withdrawn from a vein into a vacuum tube. The procedure, antioch university los angeles a venipuncture, takes about five minutes. The urine test requires the patient to collect all urine voided over a 24-hour period, with the exception of the very first specimen. The patient keeps the specimen container on ice or in the great gout advice for anyone looking for help collection period.

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Uric acid is a waste product that results from the art academy of cincinnati, a nucleic acid. (Nucleic acids are the building blocks of DNA.) Uric acid is made in the liver and excreted by the kidneys. If the liver produces too much uric acid or the kidneys excrete too little, the patient will have too much uric acid in the blood. This condition is called hyperuricemia. Supersaturated uric acid in the urine (uricosuria) can crystallize to form kidney stones that may block the tubes that lead from the kidneys to the bladder (the ureters). :evil:

Certain foods that are high in purine may increase the patient&#39;s levels of uric acid. These include kidneys, liver, sweetbreads, sardines, anchovies, and meat extracts.

The uric acid tests are used to evaluate the blood levels of uric acid for gout and to assess uric acid levels in the exercise for gout stone formation. The urine test is used most often to monitor patients already diagnosed with kidney stones, but it can also be used to detect disorders that affect the body&#39;s production of uric acid and to help measure the level of kidney functioning. :shock:

<h2>Normal results</h2> <h3>Blood test</h3> Reference values for blood uric acid vary from laboratory to laboratory but are generally found within the following range: Male: 2.1-8.5 mg/dL; female: 2.0-6.6 mg/dL. Values may be slightly higher in the elderly.

<h3>Urine test</h3> Reference values for 24-hour urinary uric acid vary from laboratory to laboratory but are generally found within the following range: 250-750 mg/24 hours.

Decreased <i>excretion</i> of uric acid is seen in chronic kidney disease, low thyroid, toxemia of pregnancy, and alcoholism. Patients with gout excrete less than half the uric acid in their blood as other persons. Only 10-15% of the total cases of hyperuricemia, however, are caused by gout.

<h2>Preparation</h2> The uric acid test requires either a blood or urine sample. For the blood sample, the patient should be fasting (nothing to eat or drink) for at least eight hours before the test. The urine test for uric acid requires a 24-hour urine collection. The urine test does <i>not</i> require the patient to fast or cut down on fluids. Some laboratories encourage patients to drink plenty of fluids during the collection period.

Increased <i>production</i> of uric acid may result from eating foods that are high in purine. Increased uric acid levels due to overproduction may also be caused by gout, by a genetic disorder of purine metabolism, or by metastatic cancer, destruction of red blood cells, leukemia, or cancer chemotherapy.